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SPAC3 - Transforming Our World
Michelangelo Pistoletto was born in Biella in 1933. He began to exhibit his work in 1955 and in 1960 he had his first solo show at Galleria Galatea in Turin. An inquiry into self-portraiture characterises his early work.
In the two-year period 1961-1962 made the first Mirror Paintings, which directly include the viewer and real time in the work, and open up perspective, reversing the Renaissance perspective that had been closed by the twentieth-century avant-gardes. These works quickly brought Pistoletto international acclaim, leading, in the sixties, to one-man shows in important galleries and museums in Europe and the United States. The Mirror Paintings are the foundation of his subsequent artistic output and theoretical thought.
In 1965 and 1966 he produced a set of works entitled Minus Objects, considered fundamental to the birth of Arte Povera, an art movement of which Pistoletto was an animating force and a protagonist. In 1967 he began to work outside traditional exhibition spaces, with the first instances of that “creative collaboration” he developed over the following decades by bringing together artists from different disciplines and diverse sectors of society.
In 1975-76 he presented a cycle of twelve consecutive exhibitions, Le Stanze, at the Stein Gallery in Turin. This was the first of a series of complex, year-long works called “time continents”. Others are White Year (1989) and Happy Turtle (1992).
In 1978, in a show in Turin, Pistoletto defined two main directions his future artwork would take: Division and Multiplication of the Mirror and Art Takes On Religion. In the early eighties he made a series of sculptures in rigid polyurethane, translated into marble for his solo show in 1984 at Forte di Belvedere in Florence. From 1985 to 1989 he created the series of “dark” volumes called Art of Squalor. During the nineties, with Project Art and with the creation in Biella of Cittadellarte - Fondazione Pistoletto and the University of Ideas, he brought art into active relation with diverse spheres of society with the aim of inspiring and producing responsible social change. In 2003 he won the Venice Biennale’s Golden Lion for Lifelong Achievement. In 2004 the University of Turin awarded him a laurea honoris causa in Political Science. On that occasion the artist announced what has become the most recent phase of his work, Third Paradise. In 2007, in Jerusalem, he received the Wolf Foundation Prize in the Arts, “for his constantly inventive career as an artist, educator and activist whose restless intelligence has created prescient forms of art that contribute to fresh understanding of the world.”
In 2010 he wrote the essay The Third Paradise, published in Italian, English, French and German. In 2011 he was the artistic director of Evento 2011 – L'art pour une ré-évolution urbaine in Bordeaux. In 2012 he started promoting the Rebirth-day, first worldwide day of rebirth, celebrated every year on 21st December with initiatives taking place all around the world.
In 2013 the Louvre in Paris hosted his personal exhibition Michelangelo Pistoletto, année un – le paradis sur terre. In this same year he received the Praemium Imperiale for painting, in Tokyo.
In 2014 the symbol of the Third Paradise was installed in the hall of the headquarters of the Council of the European Union in Bruxelles for the period of the Italian Presidency of the European Council.
In May 2015 he received a degree honoris causa from the Universidad de las Artes of Havana in Cuba. In the same year he realizes a work of big dimensions, called Rebirth, situated in the park of the Palais des Nations in Geneva, headquarters of the UN.
Vitality, Innovation, Technology and Ability form the acronym VITA, which means life in Italian. It is the name for ESA astronaut Paolo Nespoli’s six-month mission on the International Space Station leaving Earth on the Russian Soyuz spacecraft leaving from Baikonur in Kazakhstan.
It is the third of six missions that NASA made available to Italy’s space agency ASI in exchange for delivering Space Station logistic modules Leonardo, Donatello and Raffaello.
The VITA logo was inspired by the “Third Paradise”, a reformulation of the mathematical symbol for infinity by the artist Michelangelo Pistoletto.
The patch was designed by ESA in collaboration with the astronaut himself and ASI, and represents the mission's main messages. Two opposing ovals signify the scientific and educational activities developed in space, while a central circle is the meeting point representing the evolution of Earth and the benefits of space activities for humanity.
The hashtag is #VITAmission
Born in Milan, 6 April 1957, Paolo Nespoli is a European Space Agency astronaut.
Paolo joined ESA’s astronaut corps in 1991 that is based in in Cologne, Germany, where Paolo worked as a training engineer.
His second space flight saw Paolo take part in Expeditions 26-27 of the International Space Station. He was launched into space, 15 December 2010 and his second flight was called MagISStra. He returned to Earth 24 May 2011 spending 159 days in weightlessness.
His third mission will take place in 2017 as part of Expeditions 52-53 and is called VITA, that stands for Vitality, Innovation, Technology and Ability, leaving Earth on the Russian Soyuz rocket for six-month mission on the Space Station.
The European Space Agency (ESA) is Europe’s gateway to space. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world.
ESA is an international organisation with 22 Member States. By coordinating the financial and intellectual resources of its members, it can undertake programmes and activities far beyond the scope of any single European country.
ESA’s job is to draw up the European space programme and carry it through. ESA's programmes are designed to find out more about Earth, its immediate space environment, our Solar System and the Universe, as well as to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries. ESA also works closely with space organisations outside Europe.
Itay’s space agency ASI coordinates Italy's efforts and investments in the space sector, including space science, satellite technology and developing systems to explore the Universe. Italian industry has a long history in space-propulsion research. ASI plays a leading role in ESA’s Vega rocket that was designed in Italy. COSMO-SkyMed, a flagship ASI programme, will improve our knowledge of Earth and help predicting environmental disasters toensure rapid response to crisis-stricken areas as well as measuring the effects of climate change.
ASI performs a key role for European as Italy is the third largest contributor country to the European Space Agency. It is also globally in the space sector with a close working-relationship with NASA, which has led to ASI’s participation in many interesting scientific space missions in recent years.
Founded by Mario Pieroni and Dora Stiefelmeier in 2003, is a platform for contemporary art based in Rome, dedicated to sound research and exhibitive activity which aims towards the creation of an international network.
RAM sets up exhibitions and projects in collaboration with both public and private spaces all over the world, juxtaposing visual and sound art. In 2004, in the Rome office, RAM founded SAM, SoundArtMuseum, a permanent archive of SoundArt works open to the public and available on-line.
Housed in a 19th century industrial complex in the centre of the Biellese wool district, Michelangelo Pistoletto with a group of researchers and experts have been working since the 1990s in a collective laboratory: an organisation that gathers artists, promoters of sustainability in the fashion world, entrepreneurs who develop supply chains for an ethical economy, architects engaged in planning and building sustainable housing modules and anyone who is committed to interact with and follow nature’s wisdom.
Called Cittadellarte, the laboratory connects knowledge and activity to face challenges of contempary life: the relationship and dialectic between individual and society, freedom and responsibility, autonomy and belonging, appropriation and sharing, the sustainability of economical systems or the ethics of coexisting. Cittadellarte aims to educate and motivate to contribute and generate change in every sector of life on the individual level as well as for organisations and collectives dimension using a holistic approach involving both spirituality and politics including economics, fashion, architecture and food.
The images taken by ESA astronaut Paolo Nespoli are to be credited ESA/NASA unless otherwise stated.
The images uploaded by the users are personal creations and do not necessarily reflect the views of ESA, ASI, Cittadellarte - Fondazione Pistoletto or RAM radioartemobile.
All images should be seen as artistic interpretations by the users.